References

• Corvec S, Portillo ME, Pasticci BM, Borens O, Trampuz A. Epidemiology and new developments in the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection. Int J Artif Organs. 2012; 35: 923-34.
• Holinka J, Bauer L, Hirschl AM, Graninger W, Windhager R, Presterl E. Sonication cultures of explanted components as an add-on test to routinely conducted microbiological diagnostics improve pathogen detection. J Orthop Res 2011; 29: 617-622.
• Holinka J, Pilz M, Hirschl AM, Graninger W, Windhager R, Presterl E. Differential bacterial load on components of total knee prosthesis in patients with prosthetic joint infection. Int J Artif Organs 2012; 35:735-41.
• Mason PK, Dimarco JP, Ferguson JD, Mahapatra S, Mangrum JM, Bilchick KC, Moorman JR, Lake DE, Bergin JD. Sonication of explanted cardiac rhythm management devices for the diagnosis of pocket infections and asymptomatic bacterial colonization. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2011; 34: 143-149.
• Nelson CL, Jones RB, Wingert NC, Foltzer M, Bowen TR. Sonication of Antibiotic Spacers Predicts Failure during Two-stage Revision for Prosthetic Knee and Hip Infections. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2014.
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Links

European Bone and Joint Infection Society (EBJIS)
www.ebjis.org

European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID), Study Group on Implant-Associated Infections (ESGIAI)
www.escmid.org/esgiai

Musculosceletal Infection Society of North America (MSIS)
www.msis-na.org

European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (EFORT)
www.efort.org